Elite Formation and Transformation in Colonial Taiwan, 1910s – 1940s | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online


In 1915, the first middle school for Taiwanese students, Taichu middle school (臺中中學校), was established in central Taiwan. The campaign attracted nearly 250,000 yen in donations from 203 local elites across the island. This study will focus on the campaign first, making extensive use of the donor lists. By utilizing prosopographical, GIS and SNA methods, this study aims to provide an in-depth analysis of the donors, focusing on their family and educational backgrounds, social network and spatial distribution. With these methods, this study extends the discussion to lesser-known local elites, rather than just limited to well-known figures. To be sure, this case happened in the context of Japanese suppression of the last large-scale arms rebellion and the emergence of the modern-style Taiwanese socio-political movement in the mid-1910s. So this study will trace the linkage of the Taichu Middle School Establishing Campaign with the later socio-political movement in the 1910s to the 1930s. From the failed attempt of Taiwan Assimilation Society (臺灣同化會) in 1914 To the end of the Taiwan Parliament Petition Movement (臺灣議會設置請願運動) in 1934. This study will conclude with a discussion on continuities and ruptures the elites faced in the post-war era, with 78 socio-political organizations across two periods as the subjects, focusing on the experiences of the Taiwan Political Construction Association (臺灣政治建設協會, TPCA) members. This study will provide visualization and discussion of the formation and the transformation of the Taiwanese local elites, shedding new insights on changing configurations in different socio-political contexts.


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