De paradox van burgerlijke ongehoorzaamheid, toen en thans | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
2004
Volume 44, Issue 3/4
  • ISSN: 0167-2444
  • E-ISSN: 2949-8651

Abstract

Abstract

Based on my study (in Dutch 1972), a paradox of civil disobedience has been formulated: civil disobedience in a totalitarian system is quite difficult to organise and not without personal danger, but can easier be justified, morally as well as legally; while contrarily civil disobedience in a democracy and under a rule of law, can be organised quite easily, but can be much more difficult to justify morally and legally. In this article the paradox is applied to present-day forms of public protests and civil disobedient actions. Civil disobedience in a democracy must be aimed at protection of the democratic rights of co-citizens and hence must be principally non-violent.

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