Volume 40, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 2542-6583
  • E-ISSN: 2590-3268



It may be concluded from the foregoing discussion that the -ship was of fundamental importance to Sultan Ismael’s princely office. His descent from the Prophet was an important factor in his political-religious legitimation. As regards his subjects’ -ship, Sultan Ismael fulfilled his duty as an Islamic ruler, treating the with respect and favoring them as long as he was certain of their loyal support, their legitimation of his regime with their prestige and influence. Sultan Ismael showed himself to be a in his relationship with the when he registered them and concentrated their leaders in his capitals or his armies, measures which enabled him to keep them under control as much as possible. The descendant of the Prophet who did not observe the Sultan’s rules of play was subject to the same fate as any random subject who had fallen from grace with his prince.


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