John Toland en Hermann Samuel Reimarus over de wonderen in het Oude Testament | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
Volume 46, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 2542-6583
  • E-ISSN: 2590-3268



Both the English deist Toland (1720) and the German oriental scholar Reimarus (ca. 1750) rejected the historicity of the miracles narrated in the Old Testament. But they had different views on the way the miracle stories in the Old Testament originated. Toland ascribed the origin of these stories to the misinterpretation of natural events by the biblical authors and the readers of the Bible. Reimarus went so far as to accuse the historical Moses of playing tricks upon the Hebrews in order to make them believe that God manifested himself to them in miracles.


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