2004
Volume 50, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 2542-6583
  • E-ISSN: 2590-3268
  • oa Daar zaten vrouwen, die Tammuz beweenden (Ezechiël 8:14)

    1Dit artikel is de uitwerking van een lezing gehouden op een klein symposium gehouden 2 februari 1996 georganiseerd door de Onderzoeksgroep: ‘Het Oude Testament: Tekst, Context en Interpretatie’ ter gelegenheid van de publicatie van B. Becking & M. Dijkstra (eds.), , Leiden 1996. Het is in het bijzonder een uitwerking van mijn bijdrage ‘Goddess, Gods, Men and Women in Ezekiel 8’, , 98 n. 49. Ik bedank de deelnemers aan het symposium voor hun reacties, waarvan sommige zeer bruikbaar zijn gebleken.

  • By Meindert Dijkstra
  • Source: NTT Journal for Theology and the Study of Religion, Volume 50, Issue 3, Jul 1996, p. 203 - 214
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.5117/NTT1996.3.002.DIJK
  • Language: Dutch
    • Published online: 01 Jul 1996

Abstract

Abstract

Gender-specific rendering of the Old Testament aims among other things at rediscovery of the hidden history of women in the Bible and the ancient Near East. An interesting test-case is Ezekiel 8:14. The prophet Ezekiel observes in the temple a group of women performing funeral rites for the god Tammuz. Careful study of grammar_ and literary structure of the text and the socio-religious background of the Tammuz-cult demonstrate that the rite was an integral part of the preparations for the autumnal festival. The article of the word refers to a well-defined guild of wailing-women who played a representative part in the observed rituals along with the groups of men mentioned. Like elsewhere, the Tammuz-cult in Jerusalem was not a marginal women’s cult, but the special domain of a professional guild of women in the official cult.

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1996-07-01
2022-12-07
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