Volume 74, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 2542-6583
  • E-ISSN: 2590-3268



As part of NTT JTSR’s series on Key Texts, the present article discusses the of the medieval Muslim scholar Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, (Revival of the Religious Sciences): its genre, the main aspects of the critique it generated and its relevance to contemporary Muslim debates. This work is still celebrated in Muslim traditionalism as a masterpiece on Islamic spiritual sublimity and self-purification, based on scriptural-traditional references and the mystic experience of the author. The inspired many authors with commentaries, annotations, epitomes and explanations. Yet it stirred no less critique among religious scholars and conservative currents as a work indulging religious novelties as well as spreading inauthentic traditions and unorthodox practices among Muslims. The controversy about this work reflects an intra-Islamic antagonism towards the notion of orthodoxy, and what it entails for the Muslim faith and praxis.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Al-Ghazali; hadith; Iḥyāʾ; mysticism; orthodoxy; revivalism; Sufism; traditionalism
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