Hoe modern was het negentiende-eeuwse neutraliteitsrecht (1776-1870)? | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
2004
Volume 24 Number 2
  • ISSN: 1566-7146
  • E-ISSN: 2667-1611

Abstract

Abstract

The law of neutrality evolved from 1776 to 1870, but not in a linear way. Enlightenment saw neutrality as an autonomous choice of a sovereign polity. The First League of Armed Neutrality (1780) and the Declaration of Paris (1856) can be seen as landmarks in the rise of the free ships/free goods-principle and the promotion of free trade. The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars brought a regression. The British restrictive position before 1856 was starkly criticized. Even in the late 1880s, the lack of codification and unity in the law of neutrality was striking: national case law, criminal law and ad hoc neutrality declarations remained essential sources for individuals and states alike to interpret the seemingly candid and simple twin obligation of impartiality and abstention. This period also saw the birth of the malleable concept permanent neutrality, imposed or guaranteed by the European Great Powers.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/PROM2022.2.006.DHON
2022-12-01
2024-04-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. M.Abbenhuis, An Age of Neutrals: Great Power Politics, 1815-1914. Cambridge, 2014
    [Google Scholar]
  2. E.Bonjour, Swiss neutrality: its history and meaning. London, Routledge Revivals, 2018 (vert. M.Hottinger)
    [Google Scholar]
  3. F.Deak & P. C.Jessup (eds.), A Collection of Neutrality Laws, Regulations and Treaties of Various Countries, Washington, 1939
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Idem, eds., Neutrality, its History, Economics and Law. New York, 1935
    [Google Scholar]
  5. H.Lademacher, Die belgische Neutralität als Problem der europäischen Politik 1830-1914. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Geschichtliche Landeskunde der Rheinlande der Universität Bonn, Bonn, 1971
    [Google Scholar]
  6. S.Marzagalli, Les boulevards de la fraude: le négoce maritime et le Blocus continental, 1806-1813. Bordeaux, Hambourg, Livourne, Villeneuve d’Asq, 1999
    [Google Scholar]
  7. D.Morgan-Owen, & L.Halewood (eds.), Economic warfare and the sea: grand strategies for maritime powers, 1650-1945. Research in Maritime History, Liverpool, 2020
    [Google Scholar]
  8. L.Müller, Neutrality in World History. Themes in World History. New York, 2019
    [Google Scholar]
  9. S.C.Neff, The Rights and Duties of Neutrals. A General History. Melland Schill Studies in International Law, Manchester, 2000
    [Google Scholar]
  10. A.C.Rath, The Crimean War in Imperial Context, 1854-1856. London, 2015
    [Google Scholar]
  11. E.Schnakenbourg, (ed.), Neutres et neutralité dans l’espace atlantique durant le long XVIIIe siècle (1700-1820): une approche globale/Neutrals and neutrality in the Atlantic world during the long eighteenth century (1700-1820): a global approach. Bécherel, 2015
    [Google Scholar]
  12. K.Wani, Neutrality in International Law: from the Sixteenth Century to 1945. Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics. Abingdon/New York, 2017
    [Google Scholar]
  13. H.Wheaton, Histoire du progrès du droit des gens en Europe depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu’au congrès de Vienne. Leipzig, 1846
    [Google Scholar]
  14. A.Wold, Privateering and diplomacy, 1793-1807. Great Britain, Denmark-Norway and the question of neutral ports. London, 2020
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/PROM2022.2.006.DHON
Loading
/content/journals/10.5117/PROM2022.2.006.DHON
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error