2004
Volume 47, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 1781-7838
  • E-ISSN: 1783-1792

Abstract

Abstract

This article is an analysis of the memorbukh of the Jewish community in the Dutch village of Oisterwijk, Brabant. The manuscript was written in 1770 as part of a protocol book by the community’s rabbi Yekutiel Ziskind Rofe, who had come to Oisterwijk in 1757. The genre of memorbikher started as a response to the large-scale persecutions of Jews at the time of the First Crusade in 1096, the Rindfleisch persecutions of 1298, and the persecutions at the time of the Black Death. In the late medieval and early modern period, the genre was incorporated into the liturgy of Ashkenazic synagogues. The memorbukh from Oisterwijk is an example of an early modern memorbukh. The author of this particular memorbukh wrote it in order to bind together his new community, which was still a young community upon his arrival in 1769, as Jews had only begun to settle in Oisterwijk in the 1750s. The author therefore wanted to create a new communal memory that would bind together all the members, despite their different backgrounds.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/SR2021.1.004.SCHO
2021-01-01
2021-10-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/17817838/47/1/SR2021.1.004.SCHO.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5117/SR2021.1.004.SCHO&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Assmann, Jan. Das kulturelle Gedächtnis: Schrift, Erinnerung und politische Identität infrühen Hochkulturen. Munich: C.H. Beck, 1991.
  2. Bader, Jan. Oorspronkelijk te Oisterwijk…: de oudste Joodse gemeente in Noord-Brabant (1757-1857).Breda: Vereniging Vrienden synagoge Breda, 1995.
  3. Beem, Hartog. “Dor Halach,” Nieuw Israëlietisch Weekblad,August14, 1953, 6.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Beem, Hartog. “Leeuwarder Sjoel bestaat 150 jaar”, Nieuw Israëlietisch Weekblad, March4, 1955, 3.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Breuer, Mordechai. “Modernism and Traditionalism of David Gans”. In Jewish Thought in the Sixteenth Century, edited by BerhardCooperman, 49-88. Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1983.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cohen, Joseph. Das Eschweger Memorbuch: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der jüdischen Staat- und Landgemeinden im Kreise Eschwege.Hamburg, 1930.
  7. Duschinsky, Charles. Gedenkbücher von Offenbach a. Main u. anderen deutschen Gemeinden, nach Handschriften ediert, mit Vorwort und Noten versehen. Frankfurt am Main: J. Kauffmann-Verlag, 1924.
  8. de Gast, C. “Protestantisme en overige gezindten: heroriëntatie en polarisatie”. Geschiedenis van Noord-Brabant I, edited by Harry van denEerenbeemt, 360-370. Amsterdam: Boom Uitgevers, 1997.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Greenblatt, Rachel. To Tell Their Children: Jewish Communal Memoryin Early Modern Prague.Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014.
  10. Jellinek, Adolph. Quntres ha-Meqonen.Vienna: Löwy’s Buchhandlung, 1881.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Koren-Loeb, Tsvia. “Das Memorbuch zu Frankfurt am Main – Erschliessung und Kommentierung ausgewählter Themenkreise.” PhD diss., University Duisburg- Essen, 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Lamm, Louis. Das Memorbuch in Buttenwiesen. Berlin, 1902. Lamm, Louis. Das Memorbuch von Oettingen. Berlin, 1932.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Litt, Stephan. Pinkas, Kahal, and the Mediene: The Records of Dutch Ashkenazi Communities in the Eighteenth Century as Historical Sources.Leiden: Brill, 2008.
  14. van der Meij, M.A. “Divided Loyalties: States-Brabant as a Border Country.” In Boundaries and their Meanings in the History of the Netherlands, edited by BenjaminKaplan. Leiden: Brill, 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Meiningen, Isaac ben Samuel. Das Martyrologium des Nürnberger Memorbuchs 1296. Translated SiegfriedSalfeld. Berlin: Simion, 1898.
  16. Pirenne, L.P.L. “De voorgeschiedenis vanaf de Opstand, 1578-1796.” In Geschiedenis van Noord-Brabant I, edited by Harryvan den Eerenbeemt, 29-57. Amsterdam: Boom Uitgevers, 1997.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Roth, Cecil. In Commemoration of the Frankfurt Jewish Community on the Occasion of the Acquisition of the Frankfurter Memorbuch. Jerusalem: Jewish National and University Library, 1965.
  18. Salfeld, Siegfried. “Vorwort.” In Das Martyrologium des Nürnberger Memorbuches, edited by SiegfriedSalfeld, XXVI-XXXIX. Berlin: Simion, 1898.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Vis, Ruben. “De Rotterdammer Memorjizkor, Volstrekt Unieke Sjoelliturgie aan de Monden van de Maas.” Last modified September8, 2019. https://www.joodserfgoedrotterdam.nl/de-rotterdammer-memorjizkor-volstrekt-uniekesjoelliturgie-aan-de-monden-van-de-maas/.
  20. Wallet, Bart. “Brabantse joden tussen Oranje en ‘le peuple belge’. Migratie en de joodse gemeenschappen in Brabant, 1815-1839.” In Noordbrabants Historisch Jaarboek 26, edited by Arnoud-JanBijsterveld, 170-189. Breda: Zuidelijk Historisch Contact, 2009.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Weinberg, Magnus. Untersuchungen über das Wesen des Memorbuches. Frankfurt am Main: Droller, 1924.
  22. Weinberg, Magnus. Die Memorbuecher der juedische Gemeinden in Bayern. Frankfurt am Main: Neumann, 1938.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/SR2021.1.004.SCHO
Loading
/content/journals/10.5117/SR2021.1.004.SCHO
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error