The place of care in a large Belgian modernist complex | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
2004
Volume 26, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 1388-3186
  • E-ISSN: 2352-2437

Abstract

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of care, as well as the extent to which it is undervalued in Western societies, emphasising the instrumentalization and neoliberal logic that care is subject to. Since the 1970s, various feminist theorists have developed ethics of care. This evolving and controversial ethic has become a critical tool in sociology, philosophy, economics, and public policy analysis but is still underdeveloped in architecture and urban planning. This paper adopts the feminist ethic of care to analyse and criticise the evolution of a modernist social housing complex. The was built in the 1950s to offer various facilities, 2000 rental social housing units, and vast green areas in Liège (Belgium). However, since its creation, it has undergone major transformations including the demolition of nearly 1000 units. In this qualitative inductive research, an interdisciplinary approach between architecture and social sciences was proposed, combining archival research, semi-structured interviews, and participatory observations. The ethic of care is mobilised both as a research and methodological posture and as an object of analysis. The data collected led to questioning the place of care in the evolution of the large complex under different themes: the facilitation of reproductive work, the valorisation of care professions, and the attention paid to proximity and the daily life of the neighbourhood inhabitants. By highlighting the integration and loss of care within the different transformations of the housing estate, this study shows the importance of reasserting the value of care and making it a collective responsibility, contributing to drawing perspectives for a more feminist, equal, and caring city.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/TVGN2023.1.004.GLOE
2023-04-01
2024-05-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/13883186/26/1/TVGN2023.1.004.GLOE.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5117/TVGN2023.1.004.GLOE&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Borgeaud Garciandía, N., Hirata, H., & Makridou, E. (2010). Note de lecture sur Gilligan, Tronto, Paperman, Laugier et Molinier, Cahiers du Genre, 49.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brugère, F. (2021). L’éthique du «care». Paris: Que sais-je.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Cohen, M. (2010). Le groupe Egau. Art&Fact, 29, 83–89.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Cohen, M. (2014). Logements de la Cité de Droixhe. In S.Charlier, T.Moor, & TourismeWallonie-Bruxelles (Eds.), Guide architecture moderne et contemporaine 1895-2014 Liège (pp. 204–205). Brussels: Mardaga.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Cohen, M., & Moore, T. (2014). La Cité de Droixhe. In S.Charlier, T.Moor, & TourismeWallonie-Bruxelles (Eds.), Guide architecture moderne et contemporaine 1895-2014 Liège (p. 202). Brussels: Mardaga.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Colomina, B. (2022). Le lit à l’ère de la covid-19. In C.Fleury, & Pavillonde l’Arsenal, Soutenir. Ville, architecture et soin (pp. 51–55). Paris: Pavillon de l’Arsenal.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Day, K. (2000). The ethic of care and women’s experiences of public space. Journal of environmental psychology, 20(2), 103–124.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Delphy, C., & Leonard, D. (2019). L’exploitation domestique. Paris: Syllepse.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Dethier, D. (2012). La cité d’habitation de Droixhe: de l’utopie à la réalité. In F.Graf, & Y.Delemontey (Eds.), Architecture industrialisée et préfabriquée: connaissance et sauvegarde (pp. 361–371). Genève: Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Fine, M., & Glendinning, C. (2005). Dependence, independence or inter-dependence? Revisiting the concepts of ‘care’ and ‘dependency’. Ageing & Society, 25, 601–621.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Fitz, A., & Krasny, E. (2019). Introduction. In A.Fitz, E.Krasny, & ArchitekturzentrumWien (Eds.), Critical care: Architecture and urbanism for a broken planet (pp. 10–22)., Vienna: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Frankignoulle, P. (2009). Urbanisme et architecture à Liège 1960-1970. Cahiers de l’Urbanisme, 73, 38–45.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Frankignoulle, P., & Stevens, B. (2002). Vers un nouveau Droixhe. Cahiers de l’Urbanisme, 2002, 39, 46–52.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice. Psychological theory and women’s development, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Gosseye, J. (2019). Introduction. A short history of silence. The epistemological politics of architectural historiography. In J.Gosseye, N.Stead, & D.van der Plaat (Eds.), Speaking of buildings: Oral history in architectural research (pp. 9–23). New York: Princeton Architectural Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hayden, D. (1981). The grand domestic revolution: A history of feminist designs for American homes, neighborhoods, and cities. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hirata, H. (2021). Le care, théories et pratiques. Paris: La Dispute.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Huguet, M. (1965). Les femmes dans les grands ensembles approche psychologique de cas d’agrément et d’intolérance. Revue Française de Sociologie, 6(2), 215–227.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Ibos, C. & Sadeghipouya, M. (2021) Vers un care radical. Luttes pour le soin en temps de pandémie. Dictionary of Gender in Translation.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Institut National du Logement (1963). Le logement des handicapés physiques. Etude des problèmes posés par les besoins spéciaux des handicapés physiques en matière de logement et des solutions à donner à ces problèmes (Report). Brussels.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Kergoat, D. (2016). Le care et l’imbrication des rapports sociaux. N.A.Guimaraes, M.Maruani, & B.Sorj (Eds.), Genre, classe, race. Travailler en France et au Brésil (pp. 11–23. Paris: L’Harmattan.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Krasny, E. (2022). Thinking through gendered entanglements in architecture. M.Pepchinski & C.Budde (Eds.), Women architects and politics: Intersections between gender, power structures and architecture in the long 20th century (pp. 27–45). Bielefeld: transcript Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Laugier, S. (2011) Le care comme critique et comme féminisme. Travail, genre et sociétés, 26(2) 183–188.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Laugier, S., & Paterman, P. (2019). Présentation. La voix différente et les éthiques du care. In C.Gilligan (Ed.), Une voix différente. La morale a-t-elle un sexe? (pp. VIV–XLVII). Paris: Flammarion.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Laugier, S., & Vallaud-Belkacem, N. (2020). La société des vulnérables. Leçons féministes d’une crise. Paris: Gallimard.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Legoullon, G. (2016). La construction des grands ensembles en France: émergence de nouvelles vulnérabilités environnementales, VertigO – la revue électronique en sciences de l’environnement, 16(3).
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Moser, C. (1989). Gender planning in the third world: Meeting practical and strategic gender needs. World Development, Elsevier, 17, 1799–1825.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Pepchinski, M., & Budde, C. (2022). Introduction. In M.Pepchinski & C.Budde (Eds.), Women architects and politics: Intersections between gender, power structures and architecture in the long 20th century (pp. 9–19). Bielefeld: transcript Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Scrinzi, F. (2021). Care. in Encyclopédie critique du genre (pp. 127–137). Paris: La Découverte.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Tronto, J.C. (2019). Caring architecture, In A.Fitz, E.Krasny & ArchitekturzentrumWien, Critical care: Architecture and urbanism for a broken planet (pp. 26–32). Vienna: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Tronto, J.C. (1993). Moral boundaries. A political argument for an ethic of care. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. TrontoJ.C., & FisherB. (1990). Toward a feminist theory of caring. In E.K.Abel & M.K.Nelson (Eds.), Circles of care: Work and identity in women’s lives (pp. 36-64). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/TVGN2023.1.004.GLOE
Loading
/content/journals/10.5117/TVGN2023.1.004.GLOE
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error