2004
Volume 34, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0921-5077
  • E-ISSN: 1875-7235

Abstract

Samenvatting

Vergrijzing is een universeel probleem. Een veelvoorkomende oplossing om de negatieve gevolgen van vergrijzing op te vangen is burgers langer aan het werk te houden door de pensioenleeftijd op te trekken. Echter, de werkzaamheidsgraad van 50-plussers blijft in vele landen relatief laag. Het doel van deze studie is achterhalen welke drempels 50-plussers ervaren op de arbeidsmarkt die het uitoefenen van een baan hinderen, inactiviteit verklaren en het vinden van een baan bemoeilijken. We bevragen deze drempels aan de hand van een online enquête met 3963 Vlaamse 50-plussers. We vinden dat zowel werkende, inactieve als werkloze 50-plussers voornamelijk werk-gerelateerde drempels ervaren op de arbeidsmarkt. Zo geeft meer dan twee vijfde van de werkende respondenten aan dat een gebrek aan (1) een goede werkorganisatie (44.1%), (2) een goede leidinggevende (43.1%) en (3) waardering (41.9%) het uitoefenen van hun baan belemmert. Ook inactieve respondenten geven deze drempels als voornaamste verklaringen voor inactiviteit. Voorts ervaart 71.0% van de werkzoekende respondenten leeftijdsdiscriminatie in het selectieproces als drempel en geeft 35.2% van deze respondenten aan dat de persoonsgebonden drempel omtrent hun hoge loonverwachtingen, naar eigen aanvoelen, het vinden van een baan bemoeilijkt. De mate waarin men bepaalde drempels ervaart, verschilt tevens naar geslacht en opleidingsniveau.

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