2004
Volume 35 Number 4
  • ISSN: 0921-5077
  • E-ISSN: 1875-7235

Abstract

Samenvatting

In een flexibele arbeidsmarkt, gekenmerkt door groeiende aantallen tijdelijke contracten en meer baanonzekerheid, is het cruciaal om proactief en toekomstgericht met een loopbaan bezig te blijven. De ervaring van baanonzekerheid bemoeilijkt echter dergelijk proactief loopbaangedrag. In dit onderzoek hebben we gekeken en een duidelijke future work self (FWS; een toekomstbeeld op het gebied van werk) deze negatieve relatie kan verminderen, en of dat met name werkt bij een optimale (gemiddelde) mate van FWS-duidelijkheid. Daarnaast verkenden we de inhoud van de FWS-omschrijvingen van deelnemers om te zien welke soorten FWS de beste buffers vormen tegen de negatieve gevolgen van baanonzekerheid. In vragenlijstonderzoek onder tijdelijke werknemers ( = 118) vonden wij geen bewijs voor de negatieve associatie tussen baanonzekerheid en proactief loopbaangedrag, noch voor het veronderstelde optimum van FWS-duidelijkheid. Wel bleek dat meer baanonzekerheid gepaard ging met meer proactief loopbaangedrag wanneer mensen géén duidelijke FWS hadden, iets dat bevestigd werd in de verkenning van de inhoud van FWS. De relatie tussen baanonzekerheid en proactief loopbaangedrag hing echter niet af van het soort FWS dat deelnemers omschreven. Voor tijdelijke werknemers die baanonzekerheid ervaren, lijkt een minder duidelijke FWS dus een voorwaarde voor proactief loopbaangedrag.

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