Verdreven, vrijgelaten of gevlucht? | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
Volume 45, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 2542-6583
  • E-ISSN: 2590-3268



The stela of Sethnakht from Elephantine (ca. 1185 BC) sheds new light on the obscure period of transition between the 19th and 20th dynasty in Egypt. Together with the great Papyrus Harris, the stela is used as evidence to reconstruct the historical background of the exodus of Israel from Egypt. Some scholars identify Chancellor Beya, a man of Asiatic origin, with the Syrian usurpator of the Papyrus Harris and even with Moses, because of his command to despoil the Egyptians (Ex. 11:2-3; 12:35-36). This study is an essay to show with the help of a tradition-historical analysis of the context of this particular passage that this motive of despoiling was absent in the oldest written tradition of the exodus. From a historical point of view the identification of Beya with Moses is for the time being very improbable.


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