2004
Volume 111, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-5275
  • E-ISSN: 2352-1244

Abstract

Abstract

In classical Just War texts, the criterion of ‘right intent’ is considered a key concept with regard to the justice of a war as such, since it refers to the basic disposition from which the other criteria ( as well as and ) should be applied. However, in current JW debates, determined to a large extent by Traditionalists and Revisionists, the importance of this key concept threatens to disappear from view. This article aims to show the relevance of further reflection on the role and meaning of the criterion of ‘right intent’ using classical JW insights and in particular Hannah Arendt’s analysis of Augustine’s concept of ‘caritas’, given the political relevance of this concept as pointed out by Arendt. The criterion of ‘right intent’ is closely connected to Arendt’s distinction between power and violence and her principle of the right to have rights. Right intent, as a virtue, based on and inspired by caritas, in more contemporary discourse, a humanitarian ethos, implies the promise of the application of the JW criteria that were originally formulated precisely for that reason.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/ANTW2019.1.003.VERW
2019-03-01
2021-12-08
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/00025275/111/1/03_ANTW2019.1_VERW.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5117/ANTW2019.1.003.VERW&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Arendt, H.(1970)On Violence. New York/London: Harcourt Brace & Company.
  2. Arendt, H.(1973)On Revolution. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
  3. Arendt, H.(1996)Love and Saint Augustine, edited and with an interpretative essay by J. Vecchiarelli Scott and J. Chelius Stark. Chicago en London: University of Chicago Press.
  4. Arendt, H.(1998)The Human Condition. Chicago en London: University of Chicago Press.
  5. Arendt, H.(2004)Over Revolutie. Amsterdam/Antwerpen: Atlas.
  6. Arendt, H.(2005)Totalitarisme. Amsterdam: Boom.
  7. Arendt, H.(2005)The Promise of Politics. New York: Stocken.
  8. Aristoteles
    Aristoteles(1997)Ethica Nicomachea, vertaald en toegelicht door Ch. Hupperts en B. Poortman. Amsterdam: Kalias.
  9. Augustinus, A.(1963)On Free Choice of the Will. translated by T. Williams. Cambridge: Hackett Publishing.
  10. Augustinus, A.(2011)De stad van God. Vertaald door Gerard Wijdeveld. Amsterdam: Ambo.
  11. Brunstetter, D. en Braun, M(2013)From ius ad bellum to ius ad vim: recalibrating our understanding of the moral use of force. Ethics & International Affairs27 (1), pp 83-106.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Coates, A.(2008)Is the Independent application of jus in bello the way to limit war?, in: D. Rodin en H. Shue (red.), Just and Unjust Warriors: The Moral and Legal Status of Soldiers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.176-193.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Coates, A.(2009)Culture, the enemy and the moral restraint of war, in R. Sorabji en D. Rodin (red.) The Ethics of War. Shared Problems in Different Traditions, Farnham: Ashgate.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Coker, Ch.(2008), Ethics and War in the 21st Century, Routledge, London en New York.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Cole, D(2011)War and intention, Journal of Military Ethics10 (3), pp. 174-192
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Clark, I.(1990)Waging War. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  17. Christopher, P.(1994)The ethics of war and peace. An introduction to legal and moral issues. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
  18. Eberle C.J.(2016)Justice and the Just War Tradition. Human Worth, Moral Formation and Armed Conflict, New York: Routledge.
  19. Johnson, J. T.(1984)Can modern war be just?New Haven en London: Yale University Press.
  20. Johnson, J. T.(2011)Ethics and the Use of Force. Just War in Historical Perspective. Abingdon: Taylor and Francis.
  21. Johnson, J. T.(2013)Contemporary Just War Thinking: Which Is Worse, to Have Friends or Critics?, Ethics & International Affairs27 (1), pp. 25-45.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Kass, L.(1997)The wisdom of repugnance, New Republic216 (22), pp.17-26.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Koeman, A.(2007)A realistic and effective constraint on the resort to force? Pre-commitment to ius in bello and ius post bellum as part of the criterion of right intention, Journal of Military Ethics, 6 (3), pp. 198-220.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Lazar, S.(2017)Just War Theory: Revisionists Versus Traditionalists, Annual Reviews Political Science20, pp. 37-54.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. McMahan, J.(2008)The Morality of War and the Law of War, D. Rodin en H. Shue (reds.) Just and Unjust Warriors. The Moral and Legal Status of Soldiers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Mattox, J.M.(2006)Saint Augustine and the Theory of Just War, London: Bloomsbury Publishing PLC.
  27. Morkevicius, V.(2014)Tin men: Ethics, Cybernetics and the importance of soul, Journal of Military Ethics, 13 (1), pp 3-19.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Morkevicius, V.(2017)Looking inward together: Just War thinking and our shared moral emotions, Ethics and International Affairs31 (4), pp. 441-451.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. O’Meara, R. M.(2013)Ius post bellum. War closure in the 21st century, in: N. Allhoff, N.G. Evans en Henschke (reds.) Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War. New York/London: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Orend, B.(2000)War and International Justice. A Kantian Perspective. Waterloo: W. Laurier University Press.
  31. Orend, B.(2002)Justice after the war, Ethics and International Affairs16 (1), pp. 43-57.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Owens, P.(2007)Between War and politics. International Relations and the Thought of Hannah Arendt. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  33. Pattison, J.(2018)The Case for the Nonideal Morality of War: Beyond Revisionism Versus Traditionalism in Just War Theory, Political Theory46 (2), pp. 242-268.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Pollard, E.(2013), The Place of ius post bellum in Just War considerations, in: N. Allhoff, N.G. Evans en Henschke (reds.) Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War. New York/London: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Reichberg, G. M. e.a. (2006)The Ethics of War. Classical and Contemporary Readings. Malden, MA: Blackwell
  36. Rodin, D. en Shue, H.(2008) (reds.) Just and Unjust Warriors. The Moral and Legal Status of Soldiers. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  37. Schutter De, D. en Peeters, R.(2015)Hannah Arendt. Politiek Denker. Zoetermeer en Kappellen: Klement-Pelckmans.
  38. Sharma, S.(2008)Reconsidering the ius ad bellum/ius in bello distinction, C. Stahn en J. Kleffner (reds.) Jus Post Bellum. Towards a Law of Transition from Conflict to Peace. Den Haag: Asser Press, pp.3-30
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Swift, L.J.(1983)The Early Fathers on War and Military Service. Wilmington: M. Glazier,
  40. Teson, F.R.(2011)Humanitarian intervention: loose ends, Journal of Military Ethics10 (3), pp. 192-213.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Vecchiarelli Scott, J.(2010)What St. Augustine Taught Hannah Arendt about ‘how to live in the world’: Caritas, Natality and the Banality of Evil’, M. Ojakangas (red.), Hannah Arendt: Practice, Thought and Judgement, Collegium Studies across disciplines in the humanities and social sciences, vol. 8, Helsinki pp. 8-27.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Walzer, M.(1977)Just and unjust wars: A moral argument with historical illustrations. New York: Harper Collins.
  43. Walzer, M.(2004)Arguing about War. New Haven: Yale University Press.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/ANTW2019.1.003.VERW
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): caritas; Hannah Arendt; Just War; right intent
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error