C-MFD 2.0: Developing a Chinese Moral Foundation Dictionary | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
Volume 5, Issue 2
  • E-ISSN: 2665-9085


Our paper describes the development of a Chinese Moral Foundation Dictionary (C- MFD 2.0) to assist the automated detection and analysis of moral intuition in the Chinese context. Taking the approach of method-theory co-development, we follow a human-led and machine-assisted procedure that emphasizes opportunities for theoretical advancement, which enhances the validity of the computational tool. Starting from the existing Chinese translation of the established English MFDs, we enriched the dictionary with a list of unique Chinese moral-relevant words from an extensive Chinese dictionary. Four experts went through four rounds of coding, followed by validation by 202 crowd coders. The C-MFD 2.0 identifies not only the classic five moral foundations but also proposes several potential moral foundation candidates in the Chinese context. It demonstrates acceptable validity in detecting moral foundation values from Chinese texts. Our paper illustrates how a non-English moral foundation dictionary can be built for computational analysis and furthers moral foundation theory in a cross-language context.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): chinese moral foundation dictionary; moral foundation theory
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error