Agent-based modeling of diversity, new information and minority groups in opinion formation | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
2004
Volume 6, Issue 1
  • E-ISSN: 2665-9085

Abstract

Understanding the decentralized formation of public opinion is increasingly important to communication research. Although many key determinants cannot be observed empirically, we argue they can be explored through theoretical modeling. Building on an existing agent-based model of opinion dynamics, our study introduces more complex, but theoretically interesting and realistic, agent behavior. We model distinct opinion tendencies which represent individuals’ diversity of belief, as well as external influences such as new information. Diversity increases the extremity of opinion in simulated consensus, radicalization and polarization. Simulation of new information demonstrates the ability of a minority group to shift majority opinion significantly in the long term, even with transient changes in behavior. Opposing minority groups do not counteract each other when their actions are delayed and may in fact amplify the original effect. We argue that modeling can help researchers and other stakeholders understand how these outcomes could arise in the real world, and thereby explore potential mitigations or exploitations.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/CCR2024.1.3.POGS
2024-01-01
2024-05-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/CCR2024.1.3.POGS
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error