2004
Volume 35, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0921-5077
  • E-ISSN: 1875-7235

Abstract

Samenvatting

Werknemers floreren als zij niet alleen gelukkig en tevreden zijn met hun werkzame leven, maar ook psychologisch en sociaal optimaal functioneren op het werk. Dit onderzoek gaat na wat de samenhang is tussen de doeloriëntatie van mensen en in hoeverre zij floreren. Doeloriëntatie verwijst naar de doelen die iemand doorgaans stelt in prestatiesituaties. Verwacht werd onder meer dat gericht zijn op het ontwikkelen van competenties – een leer-streefdoeloriëntatie – positief samenhangt met floreren. Uit de resultaten van een representatieve steekproef onder Nederlandse volwassen werkenden ( = 208) en niet-werkenden ( = 97) bleek inderdaad dat de kans op floreren het hoogst is bij personen met een hoge leer-streefdoeloriëntatie die tegelijkertijd niet gericht zijn op het vermijden van het tonen van incompetentie (een zogeheten lage prestatie-vermijddoeloriëntatie). Werkenden en niet-werkenden werden vergeleken; de relatie tussen doeloriëntatie en welbevinden bleek niet significant te verschillen tussen beide groepen. In het algemeen blijkt de relatie tussen doeloriëntatie en floreren substantieel te zijn, en een leer-streefdoeloriëntatie niet alleen bij te dragen aan een gelukkiger en tevredener leven, maar ook breder bij te dragen aan iemands welbevinden (floreren). Ook worden de implicaties voor toekomstig onderzoek en voor de praktijk besproken.

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