Forumlezingen in imperatieven: lexicale constructies of productieve syntaxis? | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
Volume 18, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 1384-5845
  • E-ISSN: 2352-1171


In this paper we study three frozen imperative constructions in Dutch (, and ) and inquire their highly specific reference properties: all arguments disallow for displaced reference, similar to what we see in animal communication (‘forum-readings’). We show that these seemingly idiosyncratic, frozen, and isolated properties can be derived from principles drawn from productive language competence. We show that the block on displaced reference realizes an endpoint on a scale of forum-readings. The extreme properties are compositionally imported into the construction by a resultative particle (e.g. op) that projects a specifier that is non-thematic. Dutch imperative adverbs () are classified according to their quantificational properties. They import distinct possibleworld semantics of which the forum reading is a special case. The null spellout of arguments in the -construction is tied to the one-phase nature of these utterances.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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