2004
Volume 38, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0169-2216
  • E-ISSN: 2468-9424

Abstract

Samenvatting

Dit artikel richt zich op de vraag of de opkomst van digitale platformen van invloed is de inrichting van organisaties. Een veelgehoorde redenering luidt dat digitale platformen tot versnippering van werk leiden en dat dit het dominante organisatiemodel wordt (en dus dat het ook wordt overgenomen door niet-platformorganisaties). In de literatuur is echter ook een andere opvatting te vinden die stelt dat digitale platformen samengaan met een grotere mate van kennisintensiteit van de economie. Dit gaat gepaard met een grotere nadruk op investeringen in personeel. Volgens de eerste redenering kiezen organisaties voor minimalisering van kosten (de low-road-strategie) en de tweede redenering is gebaseerd op maximalisering van opbrengsten (de high-road-strategie). In dit onderzoek wordt de vraag gesteld of platformisering van de economie samengaat met een algemene trend van organisatiestrategieën. Daarvoor is een landenvergelijkende studie uitgevoerd op basis van het European Company Survey (ECS) uit 2019. De mate van platformisering van 28 landen is gerelateerd aan de volgende aspecten van organisaties: (1) het aandeel vaste contracten; (2) het aantal deeltijdwerkenden; (3) het gebruik van kennisintensieve werkpraktijken; (4) de mate van invloed die het personeel heeft; (5) het gebruik van financiële prikkels; en (6) intrinsiek motiverend werk. De resultaten laten zien dat platformisering van de economie samengaat met de high-road-strategie.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/TVA2022.4.009.KOST
2022-12-01
2023-02-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Acs, Z. J., Szerb, L., Song, A., Komlosi, E., & Lafuente, E. (2021). The digital platform economy index 2020. Available at the Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute (www.thegedi.org).
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Acs, Z. J. (2022). The digital platform economy and the entrepreneurial state: A European dilemma. In K.Wennberg, C.Sandström (Reds.), Questioning the Entrepreneurial State (pp. 317-344). Springer.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Aneesh, A. (2009). Global labor: Algocratic modes of organization. Sociological Theory, 27(4), 347-370.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bamberger, P. A., Biron, M., & Meshoulam, I. (2014). Human resource strategy: Formulation, implementation, and impact. Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bidwell, M., Briscoe, F., Fernandez-Mateo, I., & Sterling, A. (2013). The employment relationship and inequality: How and why changes in employment practices are reshaping rewards in organizations. Academy of Management Annals, 7(1), 61-121.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Braverman, H. (1974). Labor and monopoly capital: The degradation of work in the twentieth century. Monthly Review Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Brinck, K., Otten, S., & Hauff, S. (2019). High-performance work practices and job satisfaction: Gender’s moderating role. European Management Review, 16(2), 333-345.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Burris, B. H. (1998). Computerization of the workplace. Annual review of Sociology, 24(1), 141-157.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Chen, L., Tong, T. W., Tang, S., & Han, N. (2022). Governance and design of digital platforms: A review and future research directions on a meta-organization. Journal of Management, 48(1), 147-184.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Cook, C., Diamond, R., Hall, J. V., List, J. A., & Oyer, P. (2021). The gender earnings gap in the gig economy: Evidence from over a million rideshare drivers. The Review of Economic Studies, 88(5), 2210-2238.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Cunningham-Parmeter, K. (2018). Gig-dependence: Finding the real independent contractors of platform work. Northern Illinois University Law Review, 39(3), 379-427.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Cutolo, D., & Kenney, M. (2021). Platform-dependent entrepreneurs: Power asymmetries, risks, and strategies in the platform economy. Academy of Management Perspectives, 35(4), 584-605.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Dacin, M. T., Beal, B. D., & Ventresca, M. J. (1999). The embeddedness of organizations: Dialogue & directions. Journal of Management, 25(3), 317-356.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Davis, G. F. (2016). The vanishing American corporation: Navigating the hazards of a new economy (Vol. 16). Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Deci, E. L. (1972). The effects of contingent and noncontingent rewards and controls on intrinsic motivation. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 8(2), 217-229.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Dekker, F., & Koster, F. (2017). Personeelsstrategieën: Verklaringen voor verschillen in flexibiliteit en loopbaanontwikkeling op de werkplek. Mens & Maatschappij, 92(2), 153-174.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Fernandez, R. M. (2001). Skill-biased technological change and wage inequality: Evidence from a plant retooling. American Journal of Sociology, 107(2), 273-320.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Hastie, B. (2020). Platform workers and collective labour action in the modern economy. University of New Brunswick Law Journal, 71, 40-60.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Hipp, L., Bernhardt, J., & Allmendinger, J. (2015). Institutions and the prevalence of nonstandard employment. Socio-Economic Review, 13(2), 351-377.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Ingram, P., & Baum, J. A. (1997). Opportunity and constraint: Organizations’ learning from the operating and competitive experience of industries. Strategic Management Journal, 18(S1), 75-98.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Kenney, M., Bearson, D., & Zysman, J. (2021). The platform economy matures: Measuring pervasiveness and exploring power. Socio-Economic Review, 19(4), 1451-1483.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Kalleberg, A. L., & Vallas, S. P. (2018). Probing precarious work: Theory, research, and politics. Research in the Sociology of Work, 31(1), 1-30.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Kochan, T. A. (2006). Taking the high road. MIT Sloan Management Review, 47(4), 16.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Koster, F. (2018). Organisatiekenmerken en het gebruik van digitale platforms. Beleid en Maatschappij. 45(2), 217-231.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Koster, F. (2022). Organizations in the knowledge economy. An investigation of knowledge-intensive work practices across 28 European countries. Journal of Advances in Management Research, (ahead-of-print). https://doi.org/10.1108/JAMR-05-2021-0176
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Osterman, P. (2018). In search of the high road: meaning and evidence. ILR Review, 71(1), 3-34.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Peugh, J. L. (2010). A practical guide to multilevel modeling. Journal of School Psychology, 48(1), 85-112.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Polkowska, D. (2021). Platform work during the COVID-19 pandemic: a case study of Glovo couriers in Poland. European Societies, 23(sup1), S321-S331.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Lund, S., Madgavkar, A., Manyika, J., Smit, S., Ellingrud, K., Meaney, M., & Robinson, O. (2021). The future of work after COVID-19. McKinsey Global Institute.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Mitchell, T., & Brynjolfsson, E. (2017). Track how technology is transforming work. Nature, 544(7650), 290-292.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Nicolaisen, H., Kavli, H. C., & Jensen, R. S. (Reds.). (2019). Dualisation of part-time work: The development of labour market insiders and outsiders. Policy Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Pesole, A., Brancati, U., Fernández-Macías, E., Biagi, F., & Gonzalez Vazquez, I. (2018). Platform workers in Europe. Publications Office of the European Union.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Powell, W. W., & Snellman, K. (2004). The knowledge economy. Annual Review of Sociology, 30, 199-220.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Pulignano, V., Piasna, A., Domecka, M., Muszyński, K., & Vermeerbergen, L. (2022). Does it pay to work? Unpaid labour in the platform economy. ETUI.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Pyöriä, P. (2005). The concept of knowledge work revisited. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(3), 119-127.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Riso, S. (2019). Mapping the contours of the platform economy. Eurofound Working Paper.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Sandulli, F. D., Baker, P. M., & López-Sánchez, J. I. (2013). Can small and medium enterprises benefit from skill-biased technological change?. Journal of Business Research, 66(10), 1976-1982.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Schor, J. B., Attwood-Charles, W., Cansoy, M., Ladegaard, I., & Wengronowitz, R. (2020). Dependence and precarity in the platform economy. Theory and Society, 49(5), 833-861.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Snijders, T. A., & Bosker, R. J. (2011). Multilevel analysis: An introduction to basic and advanced multilevel modeling. Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Song, A. K. (2019). The digital entrepreneurial ecosystem. A critique and reconfiguration. Small Business Economics, 53(3), 569-590.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Sundararajan, A. (2017). The sharing economy: The end of employment and the rise of crowd-based capitalism. MIT press.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Szerb, L., Komlosi, E. S., Acs, Z. J., Lafuente, E., & Song, A. K. (2022). The Digital Platform Economy Index 2020. Springer (SpringerBriefs in Economics).
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Tsui, A. S., Pearce, J. L., Porter, L. W., & Tripoli, A. M. (1997). Alternative approaches to the employee-organization relationship: does investment in employees pay off?. Academy of Management Journal, 40(5), 1089-1121.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Umer, H. (2021). Illusory freedom of physical platform workers: Insights from Uber Eats in Japan. The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 32(3), 437-452.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Vallas, S. P. (2019). Platform capitalism: What’s at stake for workers?. New Labor Forum, 28(1), 48-59.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Vallas, S., & Schor, J. B. (2020). What do platforms do? Understanding the gig economy. Annual Review of Sociology, 46(1), 273-294.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Weil, D. (2014). The fissured workplace. In The Fissured Workplace. Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/TVA2022.4.009.KOST
Loading
/content/journals/10.5117/TVA2022.4.009.KOST
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error