Volume 123, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0040-7518
  • E-ISSN: 2352-1163


In September 1942, during the eighteenth Monument Day, the department of Education, Science, and Cultural Protection announced long-awaited plans for a new museum at an as-yet unspecified location on the former Zuiderzee, devoted to collecting and exhibiting what remained of the Zuiderzee culture. S.J. Bouma, the department’s spokesman and new director of the Open Air Museum, was not a folklorist but an architect. Close co-operation between J.K. van der Haagen (from the same department), Bouma, and H.E. van Gelder (from the government commission in charge of museums) led in 1934-44 to various reports and recommendations. Enkhuizen was chosen as the museum’s future home. At the war’s end there was still no definitive decision regarding the Zuiderzeemuseum. Moreover, Bouma – still hard at work on the museum’s design – was subpoenaed by the Arnhem Tribunal in 1946 to account for his wartime activities. He was exonerated in 1947, and the following year he was appointed director of the Zuiderzeemuseum, which (still in modest form) opened its doors in 1950. The museum had already benefited greatly from Bouma’s plans and ideas. One wonders if there would even have been the Zuiderzeemuseum without Bouma.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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