2004
Volume 131, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0040-7518
  • E-ISSN: 2352-1163

Abstract

Abstract

In 1847 the successfully introduced American blackface minstrelsy to a Dutch public. A few years later the publication of the Dutch translation of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s (1853) and the subsequent ‘Tom-play’ led white Dutch actors to perform in blackface. Blackface performances functioned not merely as entertainment, but perpetuated a stereotypical white image of black people. During that same period the ­Amsterdam-based teacher Jan Schenkman published a children’s book including a black servant (, 1850). The servant was known as Black Pete and became established in the Saint Nicolas tradition. In the years to come, Black Pete, generally a white person wearing a blackface mask, leaned heavily on the same elements that made the blackface minstrel dandy type a success: edified clothing, a blackface mask, and anti-­emancipation humour.

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2018-12-01
2021-08-01
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Bengali; Black Pete; blackface minstrelsy; dandy; Uncle Tom’s Cabin
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