Vuile oorlog, staatsterreur of genocide? - De Argentijnse worsteling met de herinnering aan de militaire dictatuur van 1976-1983 | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
Volume 124, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0040-7518
  • E-ISSN: 2352-1163


Three decades of memory politics about the collective violence, military rule, and disappearances in Argentina during the 1970s and early 1980s have led to shifting interpretations of this traumatic past. This article demonstrates that the politico-discursive confrontation between adversarial groups, and the unwillingness of the military to resolve the disappearances, have caused a cultural trauma. Unable to mourn an incomprehensible past, Argentine society continues to relive painful past experiences in a contested search for meaning and justice. Dirty war and state terrorism have been key explanations for the mass violence. Genocide is the most recent concept used to understand this historical phenomenon. Its political, judicial, and moral implications have brought the human rights movement and military solidarity organizations into conflict, and have added collective responsibility to individual culpability.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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