De Tweede Wereldoorlog werd aan het Oostfront beslist | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
Volume 127, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0040-7518
  • E-ISSN: 2352-1163



Seventy years ago, on 6 June 1944, the Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy. For long, especially during the Cold War, Western historians saw this as the decisive turning point of the Second World War. However, more recent historiography suggests that the fundamental battles were fought between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, on the Eastern Front. It was here that the majority of the fought, where it suffered most of its casualties, and where it became clear at an early stage that the Third Reich could not win. This article discusses recent publications on the war in Europe and the Eastern Front in particular while at the same time addressing the question why, compared with the fighting in Western Europe, the war between Germany and the USSR was so ruthless and barbaric, a total war or in the literal meaning of the word.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Barbarisation; Eastern Front; Germany; Second World War; Soviet Union
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