Zijn ouderen minder productief? | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
Volume 23, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0169-2216
  • E-ISSN: 2468-9424


Are older workers less productive?

Are older workers less productive?

In the discussion on the participation of older workers, the relationship between age and performance is of relevance. This paper describes this relationship on the basis of the available literature. Furthermore, the underlying factors are considered. A theoretical model is introduced considering the underlying factors, performance and their interrelationships. The literature review yields variable results. In many studies no relationship is observed. In other studies, a parabolic pattern is observed where at increasing ages an initial increase in performance is followed by a decrease, while the age at which the performance peak occurs is highly different across the studies. From the theoretical model, one can understand the variable results on the relationship between age and performance. It also points towards several concrete directions of measures to solve any potential problems with regard to the performance of older workers.


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