Volume 48, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 1876-9071
  • E-ISSN: 2214-5729


On the basis of earlier research, it is likely that learners of Dutch as a second language (DSL) will have problems in acquiring modal particles, as these lexical items often have no direct counterparts in other languages. This hypothesis was tested by examining the spontaneous speech of six DSL-speakers with Spanish as their first language, and varied commands of Dutch. The results indicate that the speakers do use modal particles, but not in the same amounts: the higher the proficiency in Dutch, the larger the frequency and inventory of modal particles used. Furthermore, the particles seem to appear in a more or less fixed order.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error