2004
Volume 71, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0039-8691
  • E-ISSN: 2215-1214

Abstract

Abstract

This paper focuses on the geography and dynamics of indefinite pronoun variants in West-Flanders (Belgium). Whereas traditional dialect data show (‘something’) as being the traditional West-Flemish dialect variant, recent studies have attested a new variant in the area: This paper addresses the questions (1) where this new dialect variant is used, (2) by whom, (3) how it relates to other variants of the indefinite pronoun and to the interrogative pronoun variants and (4) whether the grammatical context in which it occurs is of any influence. To answer these questions, we analyse 10.000 surveys collected in 2018 in 249 West-Flemish locations. Given that a sample of this size is difficult to analyse using traditional dialectological methods, we introduce generalized additive mixed-effects regression as a means of simultaneously analyzing the diatopic, diastratic and diachronic variation in these surveys (cf. Wieling et al. 2014:689). These generalized additive mixed-effects models reveal striking dynamics in the pronominal system in West-Flanders: the variant is clearly taking over the role of as dialectal indefinite pronoun, with the region of the cities Ieper and Poperinge as ‘expansion tank’. The rise of the non-standard pronoun is remarkable, given that Flanders is generally marked by dialect shift and dialect levelling (usually in favour of the standard language). We will argue that the pronominal changes in West-Flanders can be interpreted as a sign of linguistic with as means of indexing regional identity in times of homogenizing informal language use.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/TET2019.1.GHYS
2019-12-01
2022-08-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/00398691/71/1/02_TET2019.1.GHYS.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5117/TET2019.1.GHYS&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Baayen, R. H.Analyzing Linguistic Data. A Practical Introduction to Statistics using R. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Becker, H.Generaties en hun kansen. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1992.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Chambers, J., & P.Trudgill. Dialectology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. De Bo, L.L.Westvlaamsch Idioticon. Brugge: Boek- en steendrukkerij Edw. Gailliard & compn, 1873.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. De Vogelaer, G., & R.Vandenberghe. Iemand of entwie, ergens of ieveranst. Een taaltypologisch perspectief op onbepaalde voornaamwoorden en bijwoorden in de Zuid-Nederlandse dialecten. In: J.De Caluwe & M.Devos (red.), Structuren in talige variatie in Vlaanderen. Gent: Academia Press, 2006, 91-113.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. DevosM. & R.Vandekerckove. Taal in stad en land: West-Vlaams. Tielt: Lannoo, 2005.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. DevosM., H.Ryckeboer & J.Taeldeman. Woordenboek van de Vlaamse Dialecten. Inleiding. Tongeren: Michiels, 1979.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. DynaSAND =Barbiers, S.et al.Dynamische Syntactische Atlas van de Nederlandse Dialecten (DynaSAND).Amsterdam, Meertens Instituut, 2006. URL: www.meertens.knaw.nl/sand/.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. e-ANS=Elektronische Algemene Nederlandse Spraakkunst. ans.ruhosting.nl/e-ans/index.html
  10. Ghyselen, A.S.Verticale structuur en dynamiek van het gesproken Nederlands in Vlaanderen: een empirische studie in Ieper, Gent en Antwerpen. Doctoraatsverhandeling, Universiteit Gent, 2016.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Ghyselen, A.S. & J.Van Keymeulen. ‘Dialectcompetentie en functionaliteit van het dialect in Vlaanderen anno 2013’. Tijdschrift voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde130(2014), 117-139.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Ghyselen, A.-S. & R.Vandenberghe. ‘Wuk ister goande? De sociogeografische determinanten van het West-Vlaamse zelfstandig vragend voornaamwoord onder de loep’. In: T.Colleman, J.De Caluwe, V.De Tier, A.-S.Ghyselen, L.Triest, R.Vandenberghe & U.Vogl (red.). Woorden om te bewaren. Huldeboek voor Jacques Van Keymeulen. Gent: Universiteit Gent, 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Gries, S.Statistics for linguists with R. A practical introduction. 2nd revised version. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Haegeman, L. ‘Enkele opmerkingen over de analyse van eentwa en het Westvlaams van Guido Gezelle’. Taal & Tongval43(1991), 159-168.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Harrell, F.E.Regression Modeling Strategies. With Applications to Linear Models, Logistic and Ordinal Regression, and Survival Analysis. Second Edition. New York/Dordrecht/London: Springer, 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Philippa, M., F.Debrabandere, A.Quak, T.Schoonheim & N.van der Sijs. Etymologisch Woordenboek van het Nederlands, 4 delen. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2003-2009. Te raadplegen op www.etymologie.nl/
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Robertson, R. ‘Glocalization: time-space and homogeneity-heterogeneity’. In: M.Featherstone, S.Lash & R.Robertson (red). Global Modernities. London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 1995, 25-24.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. SAND =Barbiers, S., H.Bennis, G.De Vogelaer, M.Devos & M.van der Ham (2005; deel I: Pronomina, Congruentie en Vooropplaatsing); Barbiers, S., H.Bennis, G.De Vogelaer, J.Van der Auwera & M.van der Ham (2007; deel II: Werkwoordsclusters en negatie). Syntactische Atlas van de Nederlandse Dialecten. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Van der Horst, J.Geschiedenis van de Nederlandse syntaxis. Leuven: Universitaire Pers, 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Wieling, M., J.Nerbonne & R.H.Baayen. ‘Quantitative social dialectology: Explaining linguistic variation socially and geographically’. PLoS ONE6 (9, 2011), e23613. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023613
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Wieling, M., J.Nerbonne, S.Montemagni & H.Baayen. ‘Lexical differences between Tuscan dialects and Standard Italian: accounting for geographic and sociodemographic variation using generalized additive mixed modeling’.Language90(2014), 669-692.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Wieling, M. ‘Analyzing dynamic phonetic data using generalized additive mixed modeling: a tutorial focusing on articulatory differences between L1 and L2 speakers of English’. Journal of Phonetics70(2018), 86-116.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Wood, S.Generalized Additive Models. An Introduction with R. Second edition. Boca Raton/London/New Yourk: CRC Press. Taylor & Francis Group, 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/TET2019.1.GHYS
Loading
/content/journals/10.5117/TET2019.1.GHYS
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error