2004
Volume 49, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 1384-6930
  • E-ISSN: 1875-7286

Abstract

Abstract

Since 1999, sex work in the Netherlands has been partly legalized. Despite a reputation of tolerance, Dutch media represent sex workers as victims, opening the door to more restrictive policy. In this article, we report on a discourse analysis of two documentary series, (2015) and (2017). We show that stigmatizing discourses dominate the former: sex work is brought as a gruesome, criminal practice, that even as a chosen profession is unattractive, where Dutch natives and escorts are the exception to the rule and where women lack agency. The latter title is more ambivalent. Discourses of sex work as work dominate, but it also emphasizes that sex work is an unattractive profession where Eastern-European workers are naive victims and that is inextricably related to crime. Recommendations for journalists to counter stigma are made.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/TVC2021.2.004.DUIT
2021-01-01
2021-07-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Anna, F.(2015). Jojanneke in de prostitutie: De recensie. Achter het raam op de Wallen. http://achterhetraamopdewallen.blogspot.nl
  2. Arthurs, J.(2004). Television and sexuality. McGraw-Hill Education.
  3. Benoit, C., Jansson, S. M., Smith, M., & Flagg, J.(2018). Prostitution stigma and its effect on the working conditions, personal lives, and health of sex workers. The Journal of Sex Research, 55(4-5), 457-471.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Benoit, C., Smith, M., Jansson, M., Healey, P., & Magnuson, D.(2019). “The prostitution problem”: Claims, evidence, and policy outcomes. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 48(7), 1905-1923.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Boeije, H., ’t Hart, H., & Hox, J. (Red.) (2009). Onderzoeksmethoden. Boom Onderwijs.
  6. Creswell, J. W., & Miller, D. L.(2000). Determining validity in qualitative inquiry. Theory Into Practice, 39(3), 124-130.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Couzy, M.(2019). Halsema: situatie rond prostitutie op Wallen is onhoudbaar. Het Parool. www.parool.nl/nieuws/halsema-situatie-rond-prostitutie-op-wallen-is-onhoudbaar~bfe1324c/
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Doezema, D. J.(2013). Sex slaves and discourse masters: The construction of trafficking. Zed Books Ltd.
  9. Dunn, J. C.(2012). “It’s not just sex, it’s a profession”: Reframing prostitution through text and context. Communication Studies, 63(3), 345-363.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Farvid, P., & Glass, L.(2014). It isn’t prostitution as you normally think of it. It’s survival sex’: Media representations of adult and child prostitution in New Zealand. Women’s Studies Journal, 28(1), 47-67.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Fairclough, N.(2003). Analyzing discourse: Textual analysis for social research. Routledge.
  12. Hallgrimsdóttir, H. K., Phillips, R., & Benoit, C.(2006). Fallen women and rescued girls: Social stigma and media narratives of the sex industry in Victoria, BC, from 1980 to 2005. Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue canadienne de sociologie, 43(3), 265-280.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hallgrímsdóttir, H. K., Phillips, R., Benoit, C., & Walby, K.(2008). Sporting girls, streetwalkers, and inmates of houses of ill repute: Media narratives and the historical mutability of prostitution stigmas. Sociological Perspectives, 51(1), 119-138.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hubbard, P., Matthews, R., & Scoular, J.(2008). Regulating sex work in the EU: prostitute women and the new spaces of exclusion. Gender, Place & Culture, 15(2), 137-152.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Goffman, E.(1963). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity. Simon and Schuster.
  16. Lindenberg, K.(2014). Herinvoering van een pooierverbod? Een inventarisatie van opvattingen in het juridisch werkveld over eventuele herinvoering van een strafrechtelijk pooierverbod. WODC.
  17. Link, B. G., & Phelan, J. C.(2001). Conceptualizing stigma. Annual Review of Sociology, 27(1), 363-385.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. McCormick, C. R.(1995). Constructing danger: The mis/representation of crime in the news. Fernwood Publications.
  19. McLaughlin, L.(1991). Discourses of prostitution/discourses of sexuality. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 8(3), 249-272.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Nationaal Rapporteur(2016). Prostitutie en mensenhandel.
  21. Nationaal Rapporteur. Nichols, B.(2016). Speaking truths with film: evidence, ethics, politics in documentary. University of California Press.
  22. Outshoorn, J.(2012). Policy change in prostitution in the Netherlands: from legalization to strict control. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 9(3), 233-243.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Pheterson, G.(1996). The prostitution prism.Amsterdam University Press.
  24. Pitcher, J., & Wijers, M.(2014). The impact of different regulatory models on the labour conditions, safety and welfare of indoor-based sex workers. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 14(5), 549-564.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Reichert, T. & Lambiase, J. (Red.) (2013). Sex in consumer culture: The erotic content of media and marketing. Routledge.
  26. Rekenkamer Metropool Amsterdam(2018). Project 1012: Onderzoeksrapport. Een onderzoek naar de aanpak van de Amsterdamse oude binnenstad. RMA.
  27. Ross, K.(2012). The handbook of gender, sex, and media. Wiley-Blackwell.
  28. Rottier, J. I. M.(2018). Decriminalization of sex work: The New Zealand model: An analysis of the integrative sex industry policy in New Zealand (Aotearoa) [Dissertatie, Universiteit Utrecht]. Eleven International Publishing.
  29. Stenvoll, D.(2002). From Russia with love? Newspaper coverage of cross-border prostitution in Northern Norway, 1990-2001. European Journal of Women’s Studies, 9(2), 143-162.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Ten Broeke, A.(2015). Maak seks werk. de Volkskrant4januari2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Tienhoven, G.(2018). Filemon Wesselink: Voor alleen maar lol ben ik totaal niet geschikt. Algemeen Dagblad22maart2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Vanwesenbeeck, I.Janssen, M.L. & Wijers, M.(2019). ‘Duizenden slachtoffers van seksuele uitbuiting’: feit of frame?Tijdschrift voor Seksuologie, 43(2). www.tijdschriftvoorseksuologie.nl/artikelen/online-first/item/823-duizenden-slachtoffers-van-seksuele-uitbuiting-feit-of-frame
    [Google Scholar]
  33. De Vries, P.(1999). De ketenen van de blanke slavin en het belastbare inkomen van de sekswerkster. Honderd jaar feminisme en prostitutie in Nederland. Nemesis6, 140-153.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. De Vries, P., & Zuidema, R.(2006). Wat mag het lichaam voor geld? Feminisme, sekswerk en de opheffing van het bordeelverbod in historisch perspectief. Tijdschrift voor Genderstudies, 9(2), 37-49.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. VVD, CDA, D66 & ChristenUnie(2017). Vertrouwen in de toekomst: Regeerakkoord 2017-2021. Rijksoverheid.
  36. Wagenaar, H., Altink, S., & Amesberger, H.(2017). Designing prostitution policy: Intention and reality in regulating the sex trade. Policy Press.
  37. Weitzer, R.(2007). The social construction of sex trafficking: Ideology and Institutionalization of a moral crusade. Politics & Society, 35(3), 447-475.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Weitzer, R.(2014). New directions in research on human trafficking. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 653(1), 6-24.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Weitzer, R.(2018). Resistance to sex work stigma. Sexualities, 21(5-6), 717-729.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Wilson, M., & O’Brien, E.(2016). Constructing the ideal victim in the United States of America’s annual trafficking in persons reports. Crime, Law and Social Change, 65(1-2), 29-45.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. West, J.(2000). Prostitution: Collectives and the politics of regulation. Gender, Work & Organization, 7(2), 106-118.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/TVC2021.2.004.DUIT
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error