Volume 94, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0025-9454
  • E-ISSN: 1876-2816



This article outlines the main features of the European Values Study (EVS), with special focus on the innovations implemented in the fifth wave (2017). As a large-scale, cross-national and longitudinal social survey program, the EVS provides insights into the ideas, beliefs, preferences, attitudes, values, and opinions of citizens all over Europe, unique in its combined focus on how Europeans think about life, family, work, religion, politics, and society. The first round of data collection was initiated in 1981, and every nine years, a representative sample of residents have been questioned in an increasing number of countries (47 European countries/regions in 2008). The fifth wave started in 2017 and is at this moment under completion. The methodological standards of EVS increased over the waves. As part of the Horizon 2020 project Synergies for Europe’s Research Infrastructures in the Social Sciences (SERISS), EVS took part in innovations in the field of translation and the implementation of websurveys. The data of the European Values Study are publicly available free of charge. A rich academic literature has accumulated around the original and consecutive surveys: more than 1600 publications are listed in the EVS Bibliography (see europeanvaluesstudy.eu). The final sections of this article describe more in detail the implementation of the EVS 2017 in the Netherlands and end with a peek in the future.


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  1. Arts, W., Hagenaars, J. & Halman, L.(2003). The Cultural Diversity of European Unity, Findings, Explanations and Reflections from the European Values Study, Leiden, Boston: Brill.
  2. Arts, W. & Halman, L.(1999). New Directions in Quantitative Comparative Sociology. Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill.
  3. Arts, W. & Halman, L.(2004). European Values at the Turn of the Millennium, Leiden, Boston: Brill
  4. Arts, W., & Halman, L. (Eds.) (2014). Value Contrasts and Consensus in Present-Day Europe. Painting Europe’s Moral Landscapes. Leiden and Boston: Brill.
  5. Ashford, S. & Timms, N.(1992). What Europe thinks. A study of Western European Values. Aldershot: Dartmouth.
  6. Bréchon, P. & Gonthier, F. (Eds.) (2017). European Values. Trends and Divides Over Thirty Years. Leiden, Boston: Brill.
  7. Ester, P., Braun, M. & Mohler, P.(2006). Globalization, Value Change, and Generations, Leiden, Boston: Brill.
  8. Ester, P., Halman, L. & Moor, R. de(1994). The Individualizing Society, Tilburg: TUP.
  9. Ester, P., Halman, L. & Rukavishnikov, V.(1997). From cold war to cold peace, Tilburg: TUP.
  10. Fahey, T., Hayes, B.C. & Sinnott, R.(2006). Conflict and Consensus, A study of values and attitudes in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, Leiden, Boston: Brill.
  11. Halman, L.(1991). Waarden in de Westerse wereld. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.
  12. Halman, L., Heunks, F., Moor, R. de & Zanders, H.(1987). Tradititie, secularisatie en individualisering, Tilburg: TUP.
  13. Halman, L., Inglehart, R., Díez-Medrano, J., Luijkx, R., Moreno, A., & Basáñez, M.(2008). Changing values and beliefs in 85 countries. Trends from the values surveys from 1981 to 2004. Leiden: Brill.
  14. Halman, L., Luijkx, R. & Zundert, M. van(2005). Atlas of European Values, Leiden, Boston: Brill
  15. Halman, L. & Nevitte, N.(1996). Political Value Change in Western Democracies, Tilburg: TUP
  16. Halman, L. & Riis, O.(1999). Religion in secularizing society, Tilburg: TUP (now Brill Academic Publishers 2003).
  17. Halman, L., Sieben, I. & Zundert, M. van(2012). Atlas of European Values. Trends and Traditions at the turn of the Century. Leiden: Brill.
  18. Halman, L. & Voicu, M.(2010). Mapping Value Orientations in Central and Eastern Europe. Leiden, Boston: Brill.
  19. Harding, S., Phillips, D. & Fogarty, M.(1986). Contrasting Values in Western Europe, London: MacMillan.
  20. Inglehart, R.(1990). Culture Shift. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  21. Inglehart, R.(1997). Modernization and Postmodernization, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  22. Inglehart, R., Basáñez, M., Díez-Medrano, J., Halman, L., & Luijkx, R. (Eds.) (2004). Human beliefs and values: A cross-cultural sourcebook based on the 1999-2002 value surveys. Mexico City: Siglo XXI.
  23. Luijkx, R., Halman, L., Sieben, I., Brislinger, E. & Quandt, M.(2017). European values in numbers: Trends and traditions at the turn of the century. Leiden: Brill.
  24. Moor, R. de(1995). Values in Western Societies, Tilburg: TUP.
  25. Noelle-Neumann, E. & Köcher, R.(1987). Die verletzte Nation, Stuttgart: DVA.
  26. Riffault, H.(1994). Les Valeurs des Français. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France (PUF).
  27. Stoetzel, J.(1983). Les Valeurs du Temps Présent: une enquête Européenne, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France PUF.

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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): comparative survey; fieldwork; matrix design; mixed-mode design; values

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