2004
Volume 95, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0025-9454
  • E-ISSN: 1876-2816

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this article is to investigate whether the effect of individuals’ education level on the degree of supervision their position holds, differs between men and women and how this has changed over birth cohorts. Drawing on the human capital theory and the glass ceiling metaphor, hypotheses on gender differences in the returns to education and how these change with birth cohort and age, are formulated. The hypotheses are tested using data from the Dutch Labor Supply Panel. We find that the returns to education are smaller for women than for men. This is the case in all age groups and birth cohorts. However, no evidence was found that women from earlier cohorts profit more from their education than women from later cohorts. Women and men born between 1961 and 1970 have the highest returns to education, as well as middle aged women and men.1

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2020.1.002.DEHA
2020-03-01
2021-09-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/00259454/95/1/02_MEM2020.1_DEHA.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2020.1.002.DEHA&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Abendroth,A.K.,Maas,I.&Van der Lippe,T.(2011).Human capital and the gender gap in authority in European countries.European Sociological Review,29,261-273.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baerts,A.,Deschacht,N.&Guerry,M. A.(2008).Carrières van vrouwen en mannen: een literatuurstudie(Working Paper MOSI/37).Geraadpleegd van Vrije Universiteit Brussel op: http://research.vub.ac.be/sites/default/files/uploads/BUTO/Working-Papers/mosi_working_paper_37_-_baerts_a._2008_carrieres_van_vrouwen_en_ mannen_-_een_literatuurstudie.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Becker,G. S.(1962).Investment in human capital: A theoretical analysis.Journal of Political Economy,70(5, Part 2),9-49.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Becker,G.S.(1964).Human capital: A theoretical and empirical analysis with special reference to education.New York:National Bureau of Economic Research.
  5. Becker,G. S.(1993).Nobel lecture: The economic way of looking at behavior.Journal of Political Economy,101,385-409.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Blommaert,L.,Van der Lippe,T.,Maas,I.&Jaspers,E.(2019).Vrouwen in leidinggevende functies.Mens en Maatschappij,94,29-60.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Boockmann,B.&Steiner,V.(2006).Cohort effects and the returns to education in West Germany.Applied Economics,38,1135-1152.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bruin,E. de(2018, 3 augustus).Ook het knuffelkonijn van je kind is waarschijnlijk een mannetje.NRC Handelsblad.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Chiappori,P. A.,Iyigun,M.&Weiss,Y.(2009).Investment in schooling and the marriage market.American Economic Review,99,1689-1713.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Claringbould,I.&Van der Lippe,T.(2002).Vrouwen in leidinggevende posities.Tijdschrift voor Arbeidsvraagstukken,18,257-267.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dannefer,D.(2003).Cumulative advantage/disadvantage and the life course: Cross-fertilizing age and social science theory.The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences,58,S327-S337.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Ge,S.(2011).Women’s college decisions: how much does marriage matter?Journal of Labor Economics,29,773-818.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hultin,M.(1998).Gender differences in workplace authority: Discrimination and the role of organizational leaders.Acta Sociologica,41,99-113.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Judge,T. A.,Cable,D. M.,Boudreau,J. W.&Bretz Jr,R. D.(1995).An empirical investigation of the predictors of executive career success.Personnel Psychology,48,485-519.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Keuzenkamp,S.&Oudhof,K.(2000).Emancipatiemonitor.SCP:Den Haag.
  16. Kirchmeyer,C.(1998).Determinants of managerial career success: Evidence and explanation of male/female differences.Journal of Management,24,673-692.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Lucas Jr,R. E.(1988).On the mechanics of economic development.Journal of Monetary Economics,22,3-42.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Lückerath-Rovers,M.(2018).The Dutch Female Board Index 2018.TIAS School for Business and Society.
  19. Lyness,K. S.&Thompson,D. E.(1997).Above the glass ceiling? A comparison of matched samples of female and male executives.Journal of Applied Psychology,82,359.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Melamed,T.(1996).Career success: an assessment of a gender‐specific model.Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology,69,217-242.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Merton,R. K.(1968).The Matthew effect in science: The reward and communication systems of science are considered.Science,159,56-63.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Morrison,A. M.&Von Glinow,M. A.(1990).Women and minorities in management (Vol. 45,No. 2,p. 200).American Psychological Association.
  23. Ng,T. W.,Eby,L. T.,Sorensen,K. L.&Feldman,D. C.(2005).Predictors of objective and subjective career success: A meta‐analysis.Personnel Psychology,58,367-408.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Oakley,J. G.(2000).Gender-based barriers to senior management positions: Understanding the scarcity of female CEOs.Journal of Business Ethics,27,321-334.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Portegijs,W.&Van den Brakel,M.(2018).Emancipatiemonitor 2018.Den Haag:Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (CBS) en Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP).
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Ross,C. E.&Wu,C. L.(1996).Education, age, and the cumulative advantage in health.Journal of Health and Social Behavior,104-120.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. SCP
    SCP(2014).Arbeidsaanbodpanel 2014 [dataset].Geraadpleegd van: https://easy.dans. knaw.nl/ui/datasets/id/easy-dataset:65614
    [Google Scholar]
  28. SCP (n.d.).
    SCP (n.d.).Aanbod van arbeid.Geraadpleegd van: https://www.scp.nl/Onderzoek/Lopend_ onderzoek/A_Z_alle_lopende_onderzoeken/Aanbod_van_arbeid
  29. SCP
    SCP(2015a).Aanbod van Arbeid 2014.Den Haag:Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.Geraadpleegd van: https://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_2015/ Aanbod_van_arbeid_2014
  30. SCP
    SCP(2015b).Aanbod van arbeid 2014, Bijlage A: Opzet van het onderzoek.Den Haag:Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.Geraadpleegd van: https://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_2015/Aanbod_van_arbeid_2014
  31. SCP
    SCP(2018).Toelichting Arbeidsaanbodpanel 1985-2016.Den Haag:Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.Geraadpleegd van: https://www.scp.nl/Onderzoek/Bronnen/Beknopte_onderzoeksbeschrijvingen/Arbeidsaanbodpanel_AAP
  32. Stautberg,S. S.(1987).Status report: The corporation and trends in family issues.Human Resource Management,26,277-290.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Sweetland,S. R.(1996).Human capital theory: Foundations of a field of inquiry.Review of Educational Research,66,341-359.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Tharenou,P.&Conroy,D.(1994).Men and women managers’ advancement: personal or situational determinants?Applied Psychology,43,5-31.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Tharenou,P.,Latimer,S.&Conroy,D.(1994).How do you make it to the top? An examination of influences on women’s and men’s managerial advancement.Academy of Management Journal,37,899-931.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Weyer,B.(2007).Twenty years later: explaining the persistence of the glass ceiling for women leaders.Women in Management Review,22,482-496.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Wright,E. O.,Baxter,J.&Birkelund,G. E.(1995).The gender gap in workplace authority: A cross-national study.American Sociological Review,407-435.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Yaish,M.&Stier,H.(2009).Gender inequality in job authority: A cross‐national comparison of 26 countries.Work and Occupations,36,343-366.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2020.1.002.DEHA
Loading
/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2020.1.002.DEHA
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): age; education level; returns to education; women; workplace authority

Most Cited This Month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error