2004
Volume 42 Number 2
  • ISSN: 1567-7109
  • E-ISSN: 2468-1652

Abstract

Samenvatting

De Koerdische Autonome Regio (KAR) is sinds 2005 een zelfstandige regio in het noorden van Irak, waar voornamelijk Koerden wonen. De KAR heeft een eigen regering en een eigen president, maar is wat wet- en regelgeving betreft onderdeel van Irak. In dit artikel wordt de situatie van inclusief onderwijs in de KAR onder de loep genomen. De aanleiding hiervoor is dat Irak in 2013 de ‘Verklaring van de Verenigde Naties inzake de rechten van personen met een beperking’ heeft geratificeerd. Hiermee heeft de KAR zich uitgesproken voor het bieden van inclusief onderwijs aan alle kinderen, dus ook kinderen met een beperking. Om de situatie van kinderen met een speciale leerbehoefte goed te kunnen begrijpen, wordt eerst een kort historisch overzicht van het Koerdisch onderwijs gepresenteerd. Daarna wordt de huidige staat van het onderwijs besproken om vervolgens in te gaan op de specifieke situatie van het onderwijs aan leerlingen met een speciale leerbehoeften. Er wordt aandacht besteed aan de stappen die reeds zijn gezet en wat er nodig is om deze ambitie waar te kunnen maken. Deze analyse leidt ten slotte tot een overzicht van de sterktes en zwaktes en de kansen en bedreigingen voor de ontwikkeling van inclusief onderwijs in de KAR. Het feit dat de regering van de KAR de wil en de ambitie heeft uitgesproken om een inclusief onderwijssysteem te gaan realiseren in de hele regio is een belangrijke reden om vertrouwen te hebben in de toekomst van inclusief onderwijs in de KAR.

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