Jobcrafting: Een actueel overzicht, nieuwe inzichten en aanbevelingen voor professionals | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
2004
Volume 27, Issue 2
  • E-ISSN: 1388-1302

Abstract

Abstract NL

In een snel veranderende arbeidswereld is zelfsturing van werknemers cruciaal. Jobcrafting, ofwel de activiteiten waarbij medewerkers zelf hun jobinhoud aanpassen zodat die beter aansluit bij de individuele talenten en motivatoren, wordt gezien als een essentiële vorm van zelfsturing. Jammer genoeg heerst er vandaag de dag een incompleet beeld over jobcrafting. Daarin tracht dit artikel aan de hand van drie delen verandering te brengen. Ten eerste, schetst het hoe het concept jobcrafting doorheen de jaren is uitgegroeid tot een begrip met zowel ‘approach’ als ‘avoidance’ vormen van jobcrafting. Approach jobcrafting verwijst doorgaans naar het positiever maken van de job, terwijl avoidance jobcrafting doorgaans verwijst naar het minder negatief maken van de job. Een conceptualisering die naar mijn aanvoelen nog onvoldoende is gekend buiten de wetenschappelijke literatuur. Ten tweede licht ik vijf nieuwe inzichten over jobcrafting toe die het resultaat waren van mijn promotieonderzoek. Afsluiten doe ik met drie praktische aanbevelingen. Managers en organisaties dienen: 1) autonomie te geven zodat medewerkers (inclusief thuiswerkers en freelancers) hun job kunnen craften en jobcrafting stimuleren; 2) erover te waken dat medewerkers niet te veel craften, aangezien dat uitputtend kan werken; en 3) approach en avoidance vormen van jobcrafting samen te bekijken om een juiste inschatting te maken van de craftinggevolgen.

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