2004
Volume 94, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0025-9454
  • E-ISSN: 1876-2816

Abstract

Abstract

Within the scientific literature on migration, there is a seemingly strong emphasis on migrants who migrate to countries that are wealthier than their country of origin. Literature regarding the phenomenon of people moving to countries less wealthy than their country of origin is scarce. Therefore, the focus in this study is on Flemish and Dutch people (without Moroccan background) who migrated to Morocco with the main objective of finding out the reason for their migration. The model of Timmerman, Hemmerechts and de Clerck (2014) takes centre stage, the aim of which is to identify factors on the micro-, macro- and meso-level which influence the individual perception on migration. This study is based on secondary data analysis of 27 interviews with 21 individuals and 6 couples. At the micro-level, the love for a partner, the love for Morocco, the preference for the climate, and the presence of the so-called cosmopolitan identity are important factors in the creation of migration aspirations. On the macro-level the economic context (mainly because of a reduction in maintenance costs) is the most important reason to move to Marocco. The migration literature is increasingly focusing on the meso-level in which the social network of the migrant is most important. Most salient is that factors at the meso-level have hardly had any influence on the creation of migration aspirations for these interviewees. The identified factors on the micro-level and macro-level are in line with the fledgling theory . Further research could indicate if the above-mentioned results comply with migrants who move to other non-traditional migration countries.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2019.2.004.DALE
2019-06-01
2021-06-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/00259454/94/2/04_MEM2019.2_DALE.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2019.2.004.DALE&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Boeije, H.(2014). Analysis in Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  2. Bourdieu, P.(1984). Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste. London: Routledge.
  3. Boyd, M., & Nowak, J.(2012). Social networks and international migration. In M.Martiniello & J.Rath (Eds.), An introduction to international migration studies. European perspectives (pp. 77-103). Amsterdam University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Carling, J., & Schewel, K.(2018). Revisiting aspiration and ability in international migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44(6), 945-963.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Castles, S., De Haas, H., & Miller, M. J.(2013). The age of migration: International population movements in the modern world. Palgrave Macmillan.
  6. Creswell, J.(2013). Qualitative inquiry & research design. United States: Washington DC: Sage Publications. Inc.
  7. De Haas, H.(2010). The internal dynamics of migration processes: A theoretical inquiry. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36(10), 1587-1617.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. De Haas, H.(2011). The determinants of international migration. DEMIG Working Paper 2, International Migration Institute, University of Oxford.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Den Ridder, J., I. Glas en P. Dekker(2014)Een globaliseringsscheidslijn? In: M.Bovens, P.Dekker en W.Tiemeijer (red.) Gescheiden werelden? Een verkenning van sociaal-culturele tegenstellingen in Nederland. Den Haag: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau/Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid, 131-164.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Faist, T.(1997). ‘The crucial meso-level’, in Hammar, T., Brochmann, G., Tamas, K., Faist, T. (eds) International Migration, Immobility and Development. Oxford: Berg, 187-218.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Firth, C. H., & Ibarrola-Armendariz, A. (Eds.). (2008). Migrations in a global context: Transitions and transformations emerging from international human mobility (Vol. 6). Universidad de Deusto.
  12. Garip, F., & Asad, A. L.(2013). Mexico-US migration in time: From economic to social mechanisms. Working Paper WP-67-2013, International Migration Institute, University of Oxford.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Goodhart, D.(2017). The road to somewhere: The populist revolt and the future of politics. Oxford University Press.
  14. Gustafson, P.(2001). Retirement migration and transnational lifestyles. Ageing & Society, 21(4), 371-394.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Gustafson, P.(2008). Transnationalism in retirement migration: the case of North European retirees in Spain. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 31(3), 451-475.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Held, D.(1997). Globalization and cosmopolitan democracy. Peace Review, 9(3), 309-314.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kanaiaupuni, S. M.(2000). Reframing the migration question: An analysis of men, women, and gender in Mexico. Social forces, 78(4), 1311-1347.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. King, R.(2002). Towards a new map of European migration. Population, Space and Place, 8(2), 89-106.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Koopmans, R.(2004). Migrant mobilisation and political opportunities: Variation among German cities and a comparison with the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30(3), 449-470.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kriegman, O.(2006)‘Dawn of the cosmopolitan, the hope of a global Citizens movement’, GTI Paper Series Frontiers of a Great Transition, No. 15,Tellus Institute, Boston.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Lucassen, L., & van Houtum, H.(2016). Voorbij Fort Europa: Een nieuwe visie op migratie. Atlas Contact.
  22. Madden, L.(1999). Making money in the sun: The development of British-and Irish-owned businesses in the Costa del Sol. Geography Laboratory, University of Susses.
  23. Mai, N., & King, R.(2009). Love, sexuality and migration: Mapping the issue(s). Mobilities, 4(3), 295-307.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Massey, D. S., Arango, J., Hugo, G., Kouaouci, A., Pellegrino, A., & Taylor, E. J.(2005). Worlds in motion: Understanding international migration at the end of the millennium. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  25. Van Mol, C., Snel, E., Hemmerechts, K., & Timmerman, C.(2016). Migration aspirations and migration cultures. A case-study of Ukrainian migration towards the European Union. NiDi Working Paper no.: 2016/01. The Hague: NiDi, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Mortelmans, D.(2017). Handboek kwalitatieve onderzoeksmethode. Illenois, Lake Zurich: Acco.
  27. Norris, P.(1999). Cosmopolitans, nationalists and parochials: Globalization and cultural change. Paper for the fourth annual meeting of the John F Kennedy Visions of Governance for the Twenty-First Century, Mount Washington Hotel, Bretton Woods (pp. 11-14). Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Norris, P.(2000), Global governance and cosmopolitan citizens, In JosephS. Nye & John D. Donahue (Eds.), Governance in a Globalizing World (pp. 155-177). Brookings Institution Press, Washingtion D.C.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. NOS
    NOS(2018). Rode Kruis: vluchtelingenstroom naar Griekenland groeit sterk. Verkregen op 20 april, 2017, via https://nos.nl/artikel/2228255-rode-kruis-vluchtelingenstroom-naar-griekenland-groeit-sterk.html
    [Google Scholar]
  30. O’Brien, K. L., & Leichenko, R. M.(2003). Winners and losers in the context of global change. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 93(1), 89-103.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. O’Reilly, K. & Benson, M.(2009)Lifestyle migration: Escaping to the good life, in: M.Benson & K.O’Reilly (Eds) Lifestyle Migration: Expectations, Aspirations and Experiences, pp. 1-14 (Farnham: Ashgate).
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Otoiu, A.(2014). Getting your migration analysis together by integrating internal and international migration. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 149, 685-690.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Petermann, S., & Escher, A.(2013). Marrakesh Medina: neocolonial paradise of lifestyle migrants? In Contested Spatialities, Lifestyle Migration and Residential Tourism (pp. 45-62). Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Rose, G.(1997). Situating knowledges: Positionality, reflexivities and other tactics. Progress in Human Geography, 21(3), 305-320.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Stark, O., & Taylor, J. E.(1991). Migration incentives, migration types: The role of relative deprivation. The Economic Journal, 101(408), 1163-1178.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Stone, I., & Stubbs, C.(2007). Enterprising expatriates: Lifestyle migration and entrepreneurship in rural southern Europe. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 19(5), 433-450.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Timmerman, C., Hemmerechts, K., & Marie-Lou De Clerck, H.(2014). The relevance of a “culture of migration” in understanding migration aspirations in contemporary Turkey. Turkish Studies, 15(3), 496-518.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Veenman, J.(2002). De toekomst in meervoud: Perspectief op multicultureel Nederland. Uitgeverij Van Gorcum.
  39. Volkskrant
    Volkskrant(2018). Kabinet wil asielzoekers terugsturen naar België en Duitsland dit ontmoedigd doorreizen. Verkregen op 20 april, 2017, via https://www.volkskrant.nl/binnenland/kabinet-wil-asielzoekers-terugsturen-naar-belgie-en-duitsland-dit-ontmoedigt-doorreizen~a4586688/
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Warnes, A. M., King, R., Williams, A. M., & Patterson, G.(1999). The well-being of British expatriate retirees in southern Europe. Ageing & Society, 19(6), 717-740.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Williams, A. M., King, R., & Warnes, T.(1997). A place in the sun: International retirement migration from northern to southern Europe. European Urban and Regional Studies, 4(2), 115-134.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2019.2.004.DALE
Loading
/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2019.2.004.DALE
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error