2004
Volume 96, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0025-9454
  • E-ISSN: 1876-2816

Abstract

Abstract

After a divorce, parents may face difficulties in combining work with the care for children. Few studies have examined the work-life balance of this particular group. Using data from 1.577 employed divorced fathers and 2.059 employed divorced mothers, we examined how work demands (long work hours, commuting times) and family demands (number and age of children, postdivorce residence arrangements) affected the work-family balance of divorced parents. High work demands lowered the work-life balance among both fathers and mothers. Greater family demands had a smaller impact than work demands and led to a worse work-life balance only for mothers. Family demands, however, became more important for fathers’ work-family balance when combined with high work demands. Such an interplay of work and family demands was also found for mothers: work demands had stronger effects in case of high family demands and vice versa.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2021.1.004.VAND
2021-03-01
2021-06-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Allen, T.D., Herst, D.E.L., Bruck, C.S. & Sutton, M.(2000). Consequences associated with work-to-family conflict: A review and agenda for future research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5, 278-308.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Arránz Becker, O., Salzburger, V., Lois, N. & Nauck, B.(2013). What narrows the stepgap? Closeness between parents and adult (step)children in Germany. Journal of Marriage and Family, 75, 1130-1148.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bakker, W. & Karsten, L.(2013). Balancing paid work, care and leisure in post-separation households: A comparison of single parents with co-parents. Acta Sociologica, 56, 173-187.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Baxter, J. & Alexander, M.(2008). Mothers’ work-to-family strain in single and couple parent families: The role of job characteristics and supports. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 43, 195-214.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bellavia, G.M. & Frone, M.R.(2005). Work-family conflict. In J.Barling, E.K.Kelloway & M.R.Frone, (red.). Handbook of Work Stress (pp. 113-147). Londen: Sage Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bianchi, S.M. & Milkie, M.A.(2010). Work and family research in the first decade of the 21st century. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, 705-725.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Burden, D.(1986). Single parents and the work setting: The impact of multiple job and homelife responsibilities. Family Relations, 35, 37-43.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Campbell, M. & Moen, P.(1992). Job-family role strain among employed single mothers of preschoolers. Family Relations, 41, 205-211.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Cancian, M., Meyer, D.R., Brown, P.R. & Cook, S.T.(2014). Who gets custody now? Dramatic changes in children’s living arrangements after divorce. Demography, 51, 1381-1396.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. CBS
    CBS(2017). Bijna 4 op de 10 werkt en woont in dezelfde gemeente. Geraadpleegd van: https://www.cbs.nl/nl-nl/nieuws/2017/32/bijna-4-op-de-10-werkt-en-woont-in-dezelfde-gemeente.
  11. Ford, M.T., Heinen, B.A. & Langkamer, K.L.(2007). Work and family satisfaction and conflict: A meta-analysis of cross-domain relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 57-80.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Hofmeister, H.(2003). Commuting clocks: Journey to work. In P.Moen (red.), It’s about time: Couples and careers (pp. 60-79). New York: Cornell University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Glorieux, I. & Minnen, J.(2004). Kinderen maken het verschil. Over de invloed van kinderen op het tijdsbestedingspatroon van ouders. Gezinsbeleid in Vlaanderen, 33, 2-10.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Greenhaus, J.H. & Beutell, N.J.(1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of Management Review, 10, 76-88.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Greenhaus, J.H. & Powell, G.N.(2006). When work and family are allies: A theory of work-family enrichment. Academy of Management Review, 31, 72-92.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jain, J. & Lyons, G.(2008). The gift of travel time. Journal of Transport Geography, 16, 81-89.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kahn, R., Wolfe, D., Quinn, R., Snoek, J. & Rosenthal, R.(1964). Organizational stress: Studies in role conflict and ambiguity. New York: Wiley.
  18. Kinnunen, U., Rantanen, J., Mauno, S. & Peeters, M.C.W.(2014). Work-Family Interaction. In M.C.W.Peeters, J.De Jonge & T.W.Taris (red.), An introduction to contemporary work psychology (pp. 267-289). Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Major, V.S., Klein, K.J. & Ehrhart, M.G.(2002). Work time, work interference with family, and psychological distress. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 427-436.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Marks, S.P.(1977). Multiple roles and role strain: Some notes on human energy, time and commitment. American Sociological Review, 42, 921-936.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Minnotte, K.(2012). Family structure, gender, and the work-family interface: Work-to-family conflict among single and partnered parents. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 33, 95-107.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Montazer, S. & Young, M.(2020). Commuting distance and work-to-family conflict: The moderating role of residential attributes. Social Currents, 7, 231-251.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Nomaguchi, K.M.(2012). Marital status, gender, and home-to-job conflict among employed parents. Journal of family issues, 33, 271-294.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Nomaguchi, K. & Fettro, M.N.(2019). Childrearing stages and work-family conflict: The role of job demands and resources. Journal of marriage and family, 81, 289-307.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Nikolina, N.V.(2015). Divided parents, shared children: Legal aspects of (residential) co-parenting in England, the Netherlands and Belgium. European family law series, 39. Cambridge: Intersentia.
  26. Poortman, A., Van der Lippe, T. & Boele-Woelki, K.(2014). Codebook of the survey New Families in the Netherlands (NFN). First wave. Utrecht: Utrecht University.
  27. Poortman, A.R. & Van Gaalen, R.(2017). Shared residence after separation: a review and new findings from the Netherlands. Family Court Review, 55, 531-544.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Sieber, S.D.(1974). Toward a theory of role accumulation. American Sociological Review, 39, 567-578.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Sodermans, A.K., Vanassche, S., Matthijs, K. & Swicegood, G.(2014). Measuring postdivorce living arrangements: Theoretical and empirical validation of the residential calendar. Journal of Family Issues, 35, 125-145.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. St George, J.M. & Fletcher, R.J.(2012). Time for work, commuting, and parenting? Commuting parents’ involvement with their children. Community, Work & Family, 15, 273-291.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Symoens, S. & Bracke, P.(2007). Balanceren op de scheidingslijn tussen werk en gezin. Werk-gezin conflict en tevredenheid in Vlaanderen en andere Westerse landen. In: J.Pickery (red.), Vlaanderen gepeild! (pp. 262-297). Brussel: Studiedienst van de Vlaamse Regering.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Tement, S. & Korunka, C.(2015). The moderating impact of types of caregiving on job demands, resources, and their relation to work-to-family conflict and enrichment. Journal of Family Issues, 36, 31-55.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. TNO
  34. Valcour, M.(2007). Work-based resources as moderators of the relationship between work hours and satisfaction with work-family balance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 1512-1523.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Van den Eynde, A., Vercruyssen, A. & Mortelmans, D.(2019). The experience of work-family conflict among divorced parents in Flanders. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 60, 447-478.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Van der Heijden, F., Poortman, A. & Van der Lippe, T.(2016). Children’s postdivorce residence arrangements and parental experienced time pressure. Journal of Marriage and Family, 78, 468-481.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Van der Lippe, T.(2007). Dutch workers and time-pressure: Household and workplace characteristics. Work, Employment and Society, 21, 693-711.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Van der Lippe, T., Jager, A. & Kops, Y.(2006). Combination pressure. The paid work-family balance of men and women in European countries. Acta Sociologica, 49, 303-319.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Voydanoff, P.(1988). Work role characteristics, family structure demands, and work/family conflict. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 749-761.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Voydanoff, P.(2005). Work demands and work-to-family and family-to-work conflict: Direct and indirect relationships. Journal of Family Issues26, 707-726.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2021.1.004.VAND
Loading
/content/journals/10.5117/MEM2021.1.004.VAND
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error