‘We zeggen “moeders” maar we bedoelen “ouders”’: Percepties en ervaringen met vaderafwezigheid onder Curaçaose, Curaçaos-Nederlandse en Nederlandse jongeren | Amsterdam University Press Journals Online
2004
Volume 43, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 1567-7109
  • E-ISSN: 2468-1652

Abstract

Samenvatting

Percepties en ervaringen van jongeren die opgroeien zonder biologische vader in huis kunnen variëren afhankelijk van de mate waarin vaderafwezigheid een veel voorkomende gezinsvorm is, zoals in veel Caribische landen. Het doel van dit kwalitatieve onderzoek was om beter te begrijpen wat het betekent om overwegend zonder vader op te groeien voor Curaçaose ( = 19; 15-24 jaar), Curaçaos-Nederlandse ( = 15; 14-29 jaar) en Nederlandse ( = 16; 16-26 jaar) jonge mannen en vrouwen. Uit thematische analyses van gestructureerde interviews bleek dat de meeste jongeren uit alle drie culturele groepen geen band met en opvoeding van hun afwezige vader ervoeren. De geïnterviewde jongeren hebben daar emotionele pijn van gehad, maar gaven ook aan dat anderen (met name hun moeders) de afwezigheid van hun vader compenseerden. Nederlandse jongeren waren negatiever over hun afwezige vader dan jongeren uit de andere twee groepen en zowel Nederlandse als Curaçaos-Nederlandse jongeren hadden meer moeite met de afwezigheid van hun vader dan Curaçaose jongeren. Het bestuderen van overeenkomsten en verschillen tussen percepties en ervaringen met vaderafwezigheid verrijkt onze kennis van wat het betekent om zonder vader op te groeien. Dit doen vanuit het oogpunt van jongeren en over verschillende culturen heen heeft belangrijke praktische waarde omdat het een beter begrip geeft van de betekenis van vaderafwezigheid voor jongeren uit verschillende culturen.

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